LAW 13: FREE KICKS
Types: Direct kick and Indirect kick.
Difference: Direct kick: a goal may be scored on the kick.
Free kicks take place from the point of infraction. Exceptions:
1. Penalty kick,
2. Direct or indirect kick taken as a result of a foul inside the goal area. The ball is to be placed on the 6-yard line nearest the point of infraction.
The ball must be stopped on the ground in order to be kicked. The kicker may not touch the ball again until another player from either team has touched it.
All opponents must remain not less than 10 yards from the ball. This is an obligation. However, the kicking team does not have to wait until the opponents are 10 yards from the ball. Entering the 10-yard zone to block a kick is not fair play (infraction is called encroachment) and is to be penalized by an indirect kick if it interferes with play. If there are not 10 yards between the ball and the goal line the defending team may stand on the goal line between the goalposts. Half field games = 5 yards.
On all free kicks taken by the defending team from within the penalty area the ball must leave the area before it is in play. If it fails to do so or if any player touches it before it leaves the area the ball is to be re-kicked. Members of the attacking team may not cross through the penalty area in order to intercept the ball, which is being player to another defender on the other side of the area. (Penalty: re-kick)
LAW 14: PENALTY KICK
A penalty kick is awarded any time an infraction resulting in a direct kick is committed by the defending team in its own penalty area.
Penalty kicks are always taken from a spot 12 yards from the center of the goal. In CLCF short field games the distance will be 10 yards. Only the keeper and the kicker may be in the penalty area. All other players must be outside the penalty area and not less than 10 yards from the ball. No player may enter the area until after the ball is kicked. The referee’s whistle is for the kicker. The keeper must keep both feet on the goal line until the ball is kicked. The keeper may move from side to side but may not approach the ball or kicker until the ball has been kicked. The kicker must kick the ball forward and may not touch the ball again until it has touched another player. The kicker may not replay a ball that has rebounded from the goalposts or crossbar. Any violation of the rules will be penalized as follows:
1. If by the kicker: indirect kick to the defending team.
2. If by the attacking team: re-kick if the goal was scored.
3. If by the defending team: re-kick if the goal was not scored.
The game may be extended to allow for a penalty kick. The kicker and the keeper are to be the only players on the field in this situation.
LAW 15: THROW-IN
When ever the ball passes entirely over the touchline a throw-in is awarded to the team that did not touch the ball last. The throw-in takes place within one yard of where the ball went out of bounds. The thrower must face the field with both feet on or outside the touchline. The ball must be thrown with both hands evenly from behind and over the head.
A goal may not be scored directly from the throw-in. The ball may be thrown directly to the keeper who may play it with his hands. Opponents may not interfere with the throw-in. The thrower may not touch the ball again until another player of either team has touched it. The penalty for an improper throw-in: throw-in by the other team from the same place.
The ball is in play when it enters the plane of the playing field, even if it does not touch the ground. If the ball never crosses the plane of the field the throw will be retaken. If the ball crosses the plane of the field and goes back over the touchline a throw-in is awarded the other team. If the ball goes directly over the end line a goal kick or a corner kick is awarded to the appropriate team.
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